All about U.S. citizenship What are the ways to obtain it?

Obtaining U.S. citizenship is the goal of many migrants seeking permanent status in the country. For that purpose, some may apply for naturalization. Now, who can do it? What is the process like? What documents are required? Today we will see how to obtain U.S. citizenship from our lawyers.

Obtaining naturalization is not easy. Not only does it require a lot of documentation, but the process is long and complex. In addition, any error could delay or even truncate your application. But having the help of an attorney can make all the difference. Don’t let the immigration system hold you back. Contact us and take the first step towards citizenship.

What is the naturalization process?

Naturalization is the process by which a permanent resident alien is permanent resident alien may acquire U.S. citizenship. This will allow you to enjoy the rights and responsibilities of any citizen. As such, you will be able to vote, work in federal jobs and travel abroad freely with your U.S. passport.

Naturalization is the process by which a permanent resident alien can acquire U.S. citizenship.
Naturalization is the process by which a permanent resident alien can obtain U.S. citizenship.

Who can apply for U.S. citizenship?

In general, the requirements to apply for U.S. citizenship are:

  • Be 18 years of age or older at the time of filing Form N-400.
  • Be a permanent resident of the United States (have a green card).
  • Demonstrate continuous residence in the country for at least 5 years (in some cases, such as marriage to a citizen, only 3 years may be required).
  • Demonstrate physical presence in the country for at least 30 months (or 18 if married to a U.S. citizen).
  • Have lived in the state or USCIS district in which you claim residency.

Please note that requirements may vary depending on your situation. For example, if either of your parents is a U.S. citizen, you can apply for citizenship before your 18th birthday. Therefore, it is best to consult with an attorney to ensure your eligibility. At Jaskot Law we can help you. Tell us your case and take the first step towards citizenship.

What documents do I need to apply for U.S. citizenship?

In the following table you will find the documentation required to apply for U.S. citizenship:

CategoryDocuments
Application for naturalization Form N-400
LPR Card (Green Card)Copy of your Permanent Resident Card (both sides).
English language and/or civics test exemption (if applicable)Form N-648 (Medical Certification for Disability Exemptions).
Marital status (if applicable)Current marriage certificate (if applicable).
Divorce decrees, annulment or death certificates of previous marriages (if applicable).
Evidence of good moral characterArrests or detentions without charges (if applicable). You may submit arrest reports or an official statement confirming that no charges were filed.
Convictions or alternative sentencing programs (if applicable). You must submit the sentencing record for each incident along with evidence of completion of sentencing/rehabilitation programs.
Evidence of compliance with judgments (if applicable).
Documentation of annulment, withdrawal, sealing, expungement of arrests or convictions, or pardons (if applicable).
Documentation of payment orders for fines, restitution or wage garnishment (if applicable).

Gathering the necessary documentation is no easy task. Depending on your case, you may need additional documents. At Jaskot Law Firm, we are here to guide you every step of the way. Contact us today for a personalized consultation and let us help you achieve U.S. citizenship.

How to become a U.S. citizen?

The naturalization process for obtaining U.S. citizenship can be summarized in the following steps:

Step 1: Complete Form N-400

The first step in the naturalization process is the filing of Form N-400. You can download it from the USCIS website. Remember to gather and send the additional documentation necessary for your case. Also, if you file your form by mail, check the direct filing addresses on the USCIS website.

Step 2: Biometrics Appointment

Once your Form N-400 is submitted, USCIS will schedule a biometrics appointment. There, they will take your fingerprints and photographs. This serves to verify your identity and rule out criminal records. Once completed, wait for the notification for the naturalization interview.

Step 3: Naturalization Interview

After the biometrics appointment, USCIS will schedule a mandatory naturalization interview. English and civics tests will be administered. If you do not pass, you will have to repeat the interview.

Step 4: Wait for the USCIS Decision

Once you have completed your interview, all you have to do is wait for the USCIS decision. You will receive written notification of approval or denial of your Form N-400.

The naturalization process is not as simple as it sounds. Additional instances may be submitted on a case-by-case basis. In addition, in the event of a rejection, it may have the possibility to appeal. For this reason, it is essential to have the help of an immigration attorney. Talk to our professionals and receive personalized legal advice.

What is the citizenship test like?

The citizenship test consists of 10 questions. To pass, you must answer at least 6 correctly. These questions come from a list of 100 questions, which are available on the USCIS website. The test is taken entirely in English, unless you apply for a disability exemption on Form N-648.

The citizenship test consists of 10 questions
The citizenship test consists of 10 questions

How long does the naturalization process take?

The naturalization process usually takes between 7 and 12 months. However, processing time varies depending on the USCIS workload at the time you file your application. In addition, other factors may influence the processing time. Therefore, it is best to consult with an attorney to avoid mistakes that will delay your application.

Obtaining U.S. citizenship is the dream of many resident aliens. But, as we have seen, the naturalization process is not easy. Not only does it take a long time to process, but it also varies greatly from case to case. In addition, the English and civics exams add stress, although they are not difficult.

For all these reasons, having the help of an immigration lawyer is key. A professional can help you every step of the way. At Jaskot Law, we are here to make your dream of obtaining U.S. citizenship a reality. Tell us about your case and begin your journey to a future in the United States.

Frequently Asked Questions about the Naturalization Process

Do I have to pay a fee to file my naturalization application?

Yes, you will have to pay a $640 filing fee for Form N-400 and an $85 biometrics appointment fee. Please note that some additional fees may be added depending on whether you are required to submit certain additional supporting documentation.

What is the difference between citizenship and permanent residency?

U.S. citizenship provides rights such as voting, obtaining a passport, and holding federal jobs. Lawful permanent residency allows you to live and work in the U.S. indefinitely, but without these additional rights. In addition, citizens cannot be deported, while residents may lose their status for certain reasons.

What is the naturalization certificate?

A Certificate of Citizenship is an official document issued by the government confirming a person’s citizenship. It is granted to individuals who acquire citizenship by birth or naturalization. It is proof of your legal status as a citizen of a given country.

Does USCIS offer any resources to practice for the citizenship test?

Yes, USCIS offers an online tool to practice for the civics exam. It is a practice assessment that will test your knowledge of U.S. history and government. The practice exam is available in Spanish, but please note that the actual evaluation will be entirely in English.

Sources

USCIS – N-400, Application for Naturalization

USCIS – 10 Steps to Naturalization

Other resources that may be of interest to you

Form I-485: Step by step to apply for permanent residency

What Is A Derivative Beneficiary In An Immigration Case?

Permanent Residency by Asylum: Process and Advice

Permanent Residence for Asylees: What is the AS6 Category?

How to obtain permanent residency through TPS?

Applying for VAWA residency: How is it done and how long does it take?

Approved Special Immigrant Juvenile Visa: What Next After Obtaining SIJS?